Russia and the United States opened up to each other the sky
US and Russia begin today circled over each other's territory under the agreement "Open Skies", which provides control over the observance of each of the parties of international treaties and the movement of troops. The findings of the monitoring results, the expert said, could be used in an information war, but if Russia refused to give permission, this would only further suspicions.
Aircraft Observation Mission of Italy and the USA OC-135B, based at the Boeing 707, flying over Russian territory to observe how respected arms reduction treaty, as well as for possible military preparations. Similar missions and make the Russian side: Tu-154M Lk-1 military flight over the territory will make the US and Greece over the Russian military observers will fly on an airplane An-30B. Aircraft do not carry any military equipment and have only observational equipment. American-Italian mission will monitor Russian territory from 10 to 15 November, the Russian mission to the United States last longer - until 22 November.
During the current year was already done a number of observation flights in April, although a group of US senators asked the US Secretary of State John Kerry with a letter, which contained a request to ban Russian planes flying over US territory. Senators motivated suggestions that Russia is going to use more powerful than the contract involves equipment for photography. In a letter to Senators Kerry linked the need to ban flights in connection with the invasion of Russia in the Crimea.
In the same month, Russia also did not allow the United States to carry out the mission in the framework of the contract, due to the fact that Washington is supposedly not applied at the appointed time.
The flights are operated under a contract between Russia and Western countries, signed in 1992 and entered into force in 2002. Its signatories is more than 30 countries worldwide. In 2012, of a treaty entered Georgia, which it considered violations of the authorities of Abkhazia and South Ossetia, the restriction on the conduct of observation flights over these republics.
The importance of the event this year due to the fact that relations between Russia and NATO actually frozen in February after the Crimea to Russia - this step in the West as a flagrant violation of international law. Military contacts between Russia and NATO countries discontinued and contacts are made only at the diplomatic level.
In March 2014 for the first time since the signing of the contract to carry out the resolution circled over over the territory of Russia requested the Ukrainian side, alarmed by the movement of Russian troops in the direction of the borders between countries. The purpose of the flight was to verify whether Russia does not conduct any illegal military activities in the surrounding areas of Ukraine, Belgorod and Kursk regions.
Russia such a flight is allowed, but in the end from Ukraine flight refused, explaining his refusal to financial considerations: Moscow asked the Ukrainian side to pay all costs associated with the implementation of the flight forward - Kiev found these conditions are too stringent.
The fact that the observation flights shall be covered by an interested party. The Russian military has said that Ukraine deliberately abandoned the flight to later accuse Russia of violating international obligations. Commenting on the announcement, Russian Deputy Defense Minister Anatoly Antonov said that "any military activity that threatens Ukraine" in Russia is not conducted.
Meanwhile, military experts point out that, if the span Ukrainian mission still held, observers may have recorded the movement of Russian troops near the Ukrainian border - later separatists in the east of Ukraine acknowledged that among them were Russian soldiers who either were demobilized, either at the time "were on vacation."
Airplane with specialists US and Italy, which will carry out flight over the territory of Russia, will also be able to track the movement of troops on the territory of Russia, said deputy of the Institute of USA and Canada, Major General Igor Zolotarev. If any suspicious activity is detected, the data will lie on a table and diplomats can be "used in the information war," said the expert.
At the same time, he stressed that the Russian side does not make sense to refuse to conduct a mission to the West, as an inevitable consequence will be the suspicion and speculation, and it is even less profitable - especially the Russian side will have the opportunity to observe the potentially suspicious activity alliance troops. "It would be illogical - we ourselves need opportunities provided by this agreement. Well, that such a procedure is preserved "- said Zolotarev.